High cholesterol affects the conception of a child

It will be difficult for a couple to conceive a child if both the man and the woman have high cholesterol levels.

This conclusion was made by scientists from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Rockville, Maryland).

The researchers found that couples with cholesterol levels had difficulty conceiving, as opposed to couples whose cholesterol levels were normal. In the course of the study, experts processed data from 501 married couples from Michigan and Texas. All couples tried to conceive and were not treated for infertility.

After evaluating the levels, phospholipids, triglycerides, and total lipids in each study participant, the researchers concluded that cholesterol was the greatest factor in infertility.

Blood pressure affects the ability to procreate, as it is a kind of building material for male and female hormones. Estrogen and progesterone in women, testosterone in men-these hormones play an important role in a couple’s ability to conceive a healthy child. They are also important for the processes of seminal fluid formation, ovulation, fertilization, and maintaining a healthy pregnancy process.

Do not forget, if you are all right with cholesterol, then clomid can increase the success of conception. The main thing is to consult your doctor.

How to lower bad cholesterol

Just one serving of legumes a day can lower the level of bad cholesterol, scientists have found.

The results of the latest study were published in the journal CMAJ.

It is known that cholesterol is necessary for our body – it is involved in the synthesis of sex hormones, vitamin D and other biological compounds, in contrast to bad cholesterol, or low-density lipoprotein, which is recognized as one of the most important risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Low-density lipoproteins are poorly soluble, cholesterin from them often precipitates and is deposited in the vessels in the form of atherosclerotic plaques.

high cholesterol

As part of a joint study of scientists from Canada and the United States, 26 studies were analyzed aimed at studying the effect of eating legumes on lowering cholesterol levels. The study involved 1,037 people.

“We believe this is due to the fact that men often pay less attention to their daily diet and have higher cholesterol levels,” says Dr. John Siwenpaper of St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, lead author of the study. “To prevent many chronic diseases, normalize body weight, blood pressure, blood glucose levels, and reduce the amount of cholesterol in the body, it is simply necessary to regularly consume crops such as Turkish peas, lentils, and beans.”

However, it should be noted that, despite the decrease, some side effects were recorded, in particular, increased flatulence, bloating, diarrhea, or even constipation.

Stress during pregnancy

Researchers have identified a link between common mental illnesses and complications during pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia and infections that lead to stress. The results of the study were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (stress during pregnancy).

Scientists from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School conducted a study that lasted 40 years. The researchers wanted to find out whether prenatal stress affected a person’s response to stressful situations in adulthood.

Experts followed 40 men and 40 women from the moment of birth to their fortieth birthday. Half of the participants had a history of severe depression or psychosis that was in remission.

The researchers say that the mothers of some of the study participants had complications during pregnancy, such as fever due to an infectious disease or pre-eclampsia. One in three mothers who participated in the study had an infectious disease, and one in six had preeclampsia, which increases the level of cytokines. It turns out that the experts analyzed the data of those people who in the womb were exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines.

stress during pregnancy

It is noted that tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 regulators of the immune system initiate inflammation in response to infection or injury. They can also be activated in response to stress.

The team evaluated the correlation between the participants neurological responses and their prenatal exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines. The researchers did this by showing participants images designed to stimulate a stress response during an MRI scan of the brain.

It was found that prenatal exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines caused by stress in mothers affected men and women after 40 years. Among all participants, lower prenatal levels of necrosis factor-alpha caused increased hypothalamus activity in adulthood. This area of the brain is responsible for regulating the level of cortisol, the so-called stress hormone.

However, only in men did lower levels of necrosis factor-alpha cause a more active connection between the hypothalamus and the anterior cingulate gyrus, which is responsible for controlling impulses and emotions. In female participants, higher levels of IL-6 in the prenatal period correlated with increased activity in the hippocampus, a region of the brain that helps control memory and arousal associated with stressful stimuli.

Absence of pregnancy

Absence of pregnancy – one of the causes of female infertility is premature ovarian failure. In 74% of cases, the only chance to get pregnant is to perform in vitro fertilization using donor oocytes. In this regard, it is relevant to search for new approaches to solving this problem.

The incidence of premature ovarian failure in the female population is 1.5%, and in the structure of secondary amenorrhea-up to 10%. There are several theories that explain the causes of ovarian insufficiency: pre-and post-pubertal destruction of oocytes, chromosomal abnormalities, autoimmune disorders, etc. A typical portrait of a patient: a young girl with the presence of menopausal symptoms, who does not become pregnant against the background of secondary amenorrhea. The diagnostic criteria for insufficiency include oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea for 4-6 months, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in the blood above 25 IU/l in two studies with an interval of at least four weeks, a decrease in the level of estradiol (E2) and anti-muller hormone (AMH) in the blood.

Hormone replacement therapy is recognized as a pathogenetic approach to treatment. However, at the moment, there are no effective treatment regimens that can improve the prognosis for fertility recovery. An alternative method of treatment is placental therapy with the drug Melsmon.

Clinical case absence of pregnancy

A 22-year-old patient came to the medical center with complaints about the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) for a year and the absence of pregnancy for four years, a feeling of hot flashes up to ten times a day, hyperhidrosis, decreased libido, lethargy, increased fatigue, shortness of breath, insomnia. The patient has been married for four years, the first marriage, with a regular sexual life in the absence of any methods of contraception, pregnancy in this marriage did not occur. The patient’s husband underwent a study of the state of reproductive health. The male factor of infertility is excluded. Menstruation in a patient from 11 years old, established immediately, duration-five days, after 30 days.

absence of pregnancy

From the anamnesis, it is known about the violation of the menstrual cycle in the form of scanty bloody discharge (oligomenorrhea) and their gradual disappearance. When examined in the mirrors, a fibrous polyp of the cervical canal was found. A hysteroscopy was performed with separate diagnostic curettage and removal of the cervical canal polyp. Histological conclusion: glandular endometrial hyperplasia with elements of polyposis on the background of chronic endometritis. Fibrotic polyp of the cervix. The somatic history is not burdened. No previous tests have been performed for sexually transmitted infections. He has no professional harms or bad habits. For four months, in order to regulate the menstrual cycle, she took Regulon (she did not take the drug clomid), then stopped taking it due to a sharp increase in the body mass index (after the withdrawal of the drug Regulon, the weight returned to its previous values).

When collecting a family history, it turned out that the mother’s menstrual function stopped at the age of 34. Due to the lack of pregnancy, the family is under stress.

Difficulties with conception and clomid

Approximately 20% of married couples who have difficulties with conception, this is because, a woman’s ovaries do not produce and release an egg in each menstrual cycle (anovulation). Clomid acts by causing a gland in the brain (the anterior pituitary gland) to release hormones that stimulate ovulation.

It must be remembered that there are many causes of anovulation, so Clomid may not be effective in all cases.

When accepting Clomid, it should be 28-32 days from the beginning of one period to the next. Your ovaries should release the egg 6-12 days after a course of Clomid. You should have sexual intercourse at this time to increase your chances of conception.

If menstruation does not arrive after the 35th day there are two likely possibilities: the dose of Clomid was not enough to get ovulation, or you are pregnant.

If your menstrual period is overdue, contact your doctor who wrote you a prescription for clomid and he will advise you what steps to take.

difficulties with conception

Before taking Clomid, your doctor should perform a gynecological examination before you start taking the drug. This is necessary in order to ensure that there are no physical conditions that could prevent you from becoming pregnant or that could indicate that Clomid is not the right remedy for you.

Do not take Clomid if you are allergic to any of the ingredients of the drug. Also, do not take Clomid if you are pregnant.

To avoid accidental ingestion in the early stages of pregnancy, you should perform tests during each treatment cycle to determine if ovulation is occurring. You should have a pregnancy test before starting your next course of Clomid therapy.

Tell your doctor immediately if you notice the following side effects:

  • nausea or vomiting;
  • breast discomfort;
  • headache
  • insomnia, nervousness, depression, fatigue, dizziness, or delirium
  • rash or skin irritation;
  • increased frequency of urination;
  • hair loss;
  • fever;
  • vaginal discharge;
  • seizures;
  • vision problems;
  • increased heart rate;
  • heartbeat;

In general, the drug is absolutely safe. We wish you good health and a successful conception of the child, even if you are currently experiencing difficulties with conception!

How to stimulate ovulation?

So, how to stimulate ovulation? Problems of the reproductive system of the female body, as you know, can sometimes be solved without surgical intervention. It is enough just to go to the pharmacy for the “magic” pills prescribed by the doctor the day before. And, while your eyes are scattered when choosing medicines, we will help you understand the principle of the most popular of them, and what is the effect of each.

How to stimulate ovulation: Clomid.

Clomid was originally developed as a pilot version of a universal drug for breast cancer, but, failing to meet high expectations, began to be used as a drug to stimulate ovulation among women who want to become pregnant. So, clomid can be recommended by doctors in three cases:

  1. If the absence of ovulation is caused by a previously diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome.
  2. If infertility does not have a certain genesis, that is, with ideal medical indicators, a woman still does not get pregnant after more than a year of intensive attempts. In this case, clomid is usually used in conjunction with another drug – metformin, which, in turn, increases the level of insulin and promotes ovulation.
  3. If in vitro fertilization (IVF, ICSI, etc. ) requires additional guarantees of the success of the procedure. Although from a medical point of view, this use of clomid is not sufficiently justified, many patients personally ask their doctor to include clomid in their treatment course, since this drug is considered effective when it comes to increasing the chances of becoming pregnant.

Studies and many years of experience show that about 80% of women who have problems with ovulation, observe the release of an egg from the ovaries after the first application of clomid. However, only 30% of patients manage to get pregnant immediately after the first cycle. However, a six-month course of clomid use is considered quite optimal, so even if you did not manage to get pregnant after your first use, you still have a good chance of seeing the long-awaited two stripes over the next few months, provided that you follow the medication course.

how to stimulate ovulation

The chronology of the process of using clomid is very simple. After your doctor has conducted a full medical examination and written out a prescription for the purchase of the drug, you can safely go to the pharmacy. Before use, it is necessary to consult a doctor about the interval of use, but, as a rule, clomid tablets are taken on the third to seventh day of the menstrual cycle. After a week from the beginning of the menstrual cycle, lead an active sexual life, preferably with a break interval of one day, so that your partner has time to accumulate sperm ready for fertilization. If by the tenth day of your menstrual cycle, your cervical mucus has the consistency of egg white, it means that you are on the right track, and that ovulation will occur soon. After another week or two, you can start using pregnancy tests and hope for the best.

The side effects of clomid are insignificant, and do not pose a direct threat to the female body. In the most frequent cases, abdominal pain, insomnia and weight gain are observed. The worst possible development is the appearance of ovarian cysts or the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. However, the chance of such consequences appearing is very, very small.

Menstrual cycles and ovulation

The duration of the female cycle varies. The most common cycle duration is between 23 and 35 days. The difference in the length of the menstrual cycles, as a rule, concerns the period before ovulation (the so-called follicular or follicular phase). In most women, from ovulation (when the egg comes out of the ovary) to the beginning of menstruation, it takes from 12 to 16 days (the so-called luteal phase).

Phases of the menstrual cycles

Menstruation: The first day of the menstrual cycles is the first day of menstruation (day 1). Menstruation then lasts from 3 to 7 days. Surely, you know that in the presence of menstrual pain, the most severe pain you experience in the first few days of menstruation. This is because your hormones actively promote the rejection of the uterine mucosa that has grown during the previous menstrual cycle.

Preparing for ovulation: At the beginning of your cycle, the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This is the main hormone that stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs. Follicles are fluid-filled vesicles in the ovaries. Each follicle contains an immature egg. FSH promotes the maturation of a certain number of follicles and the production of the hormone estrogen. On the first day of menstruation, the estrogen content is at its lowest level. Then it begins to rise along with the maturation of the follicles.

As the follicles develop, usually one of them becomes “dominant”, and in this large follicle the egg matures. At the same time, the growing level of estrogen in the body is responsible for saturating the lining of the uterine cavity with nutrients and blood. This is so that in the event of pregnancy, the fertilized egg will have all the nutrients and support needed for growth. High levels of estrogen also contribute to the formation of mucus, a “sperm-friendly” environment (or scientifically, cervical (cervical) mucus of the fertile phase). Perhaps you have paid attention to not thick sticky discharge, which may have a cloudy whitish hue. Spermatozoa move more easily through this mucus and survive for several days.

Understanding the ovulation cycle

Ovulation: The level of estrogen in the body is steadily increasing, and at some point it leads to a sharp increase in the level of luteinizing hormone (ovulatory surge of LH). The surge of LH leads to the rupture of the dominant follicle and the release of a mature egg from it, which then enters the fallopian tube. This process is called ovulation.

Menstrual cycles and ovulation

Many women believe that ovulation occurs on day 14, but 14 days is the average, and most women usually ovulate on another day of the menstrual cycle. The day of ovulation differs from cycle to cycle. Some women claim to experience a pain spasm during ovulation, but most women do not feel anything, and ovulation passes without any signs.

After ovulation: After release, the egg moves along the fallopian tube towards the uterus. Its life cycle is up to 24 hours. The life cycle of the sperm is more variable, however, and is usually between 3 and 5 days. Thus, the days immediately preceding ovulation and the day of ovulation itself are the most fertile – it is then that you have the greatest chance of becoming pregnant. Immediately after ovulation, the follicle begins to produce another hormone – progesterone.

Progesterone contributes to the subsequent preparation of the uterine mucosa for the reception of a fertilized egg. Meanwhile, the empty follicle in the ovary begins to shrink, but it continues to produce progesterone and begins to produce estrogen. During this time, you may experience premenstrual tension syndrome (PMS), such as breast soreness, bloating, drowsiness, depression, and irritability.

Antibiotics in the elderly

Antibiotics in the elderly: Age-related changes in the liver and kidneys contribute to changes in biotransformation and the elimination of many drugs. This may be the reason for the development of side effects of drugs that are usually safe and non-toxic. Atrophic processes in the gastrointestinal mucosa lead to changes in the absorption of certain drugs, which explains the low effectiveness of therapy.

With age, as a result of weight loss and muscle atrophy, the water content in the body decreases (by 10-15%) and the relative weight of adipose tissue increases (in men from 18 to 36%, in women from 33 to 48%). Consequently, in the elderly, the volume of distribution of water-soluble drugs changes, which is accompanied by a certain increase in their concentration in the blood. The volume of distribution of fat-soluble drugs in the elderly increases.

Antibiotics in the elderly

A decrease in the penetration of drugs into the tissues as a result of a decrease in the volume of distribution and the level of tissue blood flow may be one of the reasons for the insufficient clinical and bacteriological effectiveness of antibiotics in elderly patients.

The level of drug metabolism in the liver decreases with age as a result of a decrease in liver mass (after 40 years by 1% per year), hepatic blood flow (from 25 to 65 years by 40-45%) and the activity of microsomal enzymes. This leads to a decrease in the level of presystemic metabolism and phase I metabolism of medicinal drugs in the liver. As a result, the clearance decreases and the serum concentration of those antibacterial drugs that are mainly metabolized (more than 50%) in the liver increases: cefoperazone, doxycycline, lincomycin, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, pefloxacin, macrolides, rifamgscin, etc.

The elimination of most antibiotics is carried out by the kidneys. With age, as a result of atrophy of the cortical layer of the kidneys, the level of glomerular filtration decreases (from 20 to 50 years by 0.4 ml/min per year, after 50 years — by 1 ml/min per year) and tubular secretion (on average by 7% every 10 years). This is accompanied by a slowdown in the excretion of many drugs in elderly patients, which leads to an increase in their concentration in the blood.

In this regard, it is desirable to adjust the administered doses of antibacterial drugs that have a predominantly renal elimination pathway, in accordance with the value of glomerular filtration. This is especially important for potentially toxic drugs: aminoglycosides, vancomycin, carbenicillin, ticarcillin, tetracyclines, clomiphene, polymyxins, etc.

When deciding on the choice of an antibiotic, it is necessary to consider the features of drug interaction, since many elderly patients simultaneously take several drugs from different groups (hypotensive, antianginal, nootropic, etc.).

IVF pills (IVF preparations)

When using assisted reproductive technologies (ART), as a rule, hormonal drugs (IVF pills) are used. IVF preparations are chemical compounds obtained synthetically, which have the same effect on the body as their own sex hormones.

The drugs are used at the stage of ovulation stimulation, to prepare the endometrium for embryo transfer, as well as to support the luteal phase in early pregnancy.

Below we will look at these medications, but the information on them is in no way a prescription and can not be used by patients on their own without the appointment of the attending physician. Our article is for informational purposes only.

Preparations for ovulation stimulation

Antiestrogens

Clomid (clomiphene, clomiphene citrate, clostylbegite). It is available in tablets of 50 mg. In small doses, it increases the secretion of gonadotropins (prolactin, FSH and LH), stimulates ovulation; in high doses, it inhibits the secretion of gonadotropins. It is used both to stimulate ovulation under the control of ultrasound, and in IVF protocols.

IVF pills

Human Menopausal Gonadotropins

IVF pills: Menopur containing 75ED FSH and 75ED LH (Ferring, Germany). Currently, there is a Menopur-Multidose containing 1200 units of FSH and 1200 UNITS of LC, with the ability to dose the drug using a convenient handle.

Menogon containing 75ED FSH and 75ED LH (Ferring, Germany).

Alterpur-urofollitropin (FSH) , available in doses of 75 and 150 IU; (Ibsa, Switzerland). e

Merional (Ibsa, Switzerland), The ratio of the biological activity of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) is 1:1. It is available in a dose of 75ME and 150ME (the dose is measured by FSH).

Bravel (Ferring, Germany) – urofollitropin (a highly purified follicle-stimulating hormone), is available in a dose of 75 MG FSH.

Previously existing menotropins-Pergonal, Metropin, Humegon – are not currently produced.

The use of estrogens in ART

Estrogens in transdermal (through the skin) or oral (through the mouth) forms are used:

  • in programs using cryopreserved embryos
  • in protocols of superovulation stimulation
  • in patients with endometrial hyperplasia in surrogacy programs.

IVF pills: Proginova 2 mg (Delfarm, France) – dragee for oral administration.

Estrofem 2 mg (NOVO NORDISK, Denmark) – tablets for oral administration.

Divigel 0.5 and 1.0 (Orion Corporation, Finland) – gel for external use in single-dose packages.

Estrogel 2.5 mg (Besins, Belgium) – gel for external use, contains 1.5 mg of estradiol in tubes of 80 g with a measuring spatula.

The Council of Experts of the RARCH (Russian Association of Human Reproduction) recommends continuing estrogen therapy during the first trimester of pregnancy in the absence of their own yellow body, its functional insufficiency or endometrial hypoplasia.

When making a list of drugs that we use in our work, you can not choose the best one or make a universal scheme of stimulation. Depending on the clinical situation, the doctor individually selects the drug and its required dose.

! Attention ! All information on the drugs presented in this article is not intended as a prescription and cannot be used by patients independently without the appointment of the attending physician. The article is for informational purposes only.

How clomid affects the body?

How clomid affects the body: Clomid is a drug in tablet form, which contains clomiphene citrate. This drug is a selective estrogen receptor modulator. This term means that the antiestrogen, by binding to estrogen receptors in a certain area of the body, blocks the effect of female sex hormones, but in other tissues it can act as a natural estrogen. In the sports field, this drug is especially popular in post-course therapy due to its properties to prevent the negative effects of estrogens on the hypothalamus and activate increased testosterone production.

Clomid directly affects the estrogen receptors in the pituitary gland and sex glands. By binding to these receptors in the pituitary gland, the antiestrogen interferes with the process of negative feedback – as a rule, estrogens during the action on the pituitary gland reduce the production of lutenizing and follicle-stimulating hormones, but when using clomid, this process is not carried out in the body. From this, you can perfectly understand how clomid affects testosterone, since these gonadotropins contribute to an increase in the concentration of the main male sex hormone in the body.

How clomid affects the body

It is also worth noting that clomid does not affect the level of estrogens in the blood, it only blocks the work of receptors, but female sex hormones become simply inactive in the body.

What effect does the antiestrogen have on the athlete’s body?

Clomid does not affect the metabolic processes of estrogens in the body, so in the case of using this drug, estrogen is freely destroyed by liver enzymes, and does not accumulate in the athlete’s body. To fully understand the principle of the effect of clomid in the body, it is necessary to consider in detail how the antiestrogen affects a particular process. Next, let’s look at the most popular questions:

  • How does clomid affect the spermogram? Initially, since the 70s of the last century, clomid was used as a drug for the treatment of infertility – both male and female. For men, this drug allowed them to fight idiopathic oligospermia – the missing number of sperm cells that are necessary for fertilization of the egg. Therefore, after taking antiestrogens, an increase in the number of active spermatozoa may be observed in the spermogram.
  • How does clomid affect potency? Antiestrogen in sports practice contributes to the normalization of the functioning of the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicular arch. As a result, the concentration of natural testosterone in the body of a man increases, which has a positive effect on erectile function. Most athletes after a course of the steroid are in the so-called “hormonal pit”, which can negatively affect the sexual life. As a result, with the use of clomid, the athlete can observe an improvement in the quality of sexual life, it should also be noted that the timely start of post-course therapy with clomid will avoid testicular atrophy.

To suppress aromatization in the body, aromatase inhibitors – anastrozole, letrozole, or in extreme cases, proviron-are best suited. These drugs, especially the first two, perfectly cope with the symptoms of gynecomastia, excessive fluid retention, high blood pressure and other signs of aromatization.

Clomid, in turn, is used during post-course therapy, while aromatase inhibitors are taken mainly on the course of anabolic and androgenic substances. It allows you to normalize the production of natural testosterone in the body in a short time, and it also eliminates the symptoms of gynecomastia that appeared after a course of steroids. The optimal dosage of antiestrogen is calculated based on how heavy the course was – how many steroids were present on the course, how large the dosages were.

What negative reactions should you be prepared for on the clomid course?

It is not enough to find out how clomid affects libido and spermogram. Also, before taking any medication, it is necessary to find out what side effects an antiestrogen can cause. Failure to comply with the recommended dosages, the optimal duration of the course may lead to the following negative reactions:

  • vertigo;
  • feeling sleepy or, conversely, sleep problems in the form of insomnia;
  • disorders of the digestive system in the form of nausea or vomiting;
  • frequent headaches;
  • the drug is also able to have a toxic effect on the liver, but if you compare it with another fairly popular antiestrogen tamoxifen, its toxicity is much less;
  • it is worth noting how clomid affects vision, neglect of the rules of taking the drug can lead to serious violations of visual function.

The above-mentioned undesirable effects occur in quite rare cases, and if they are observed, they quickly pass after stopping the use of antiestrogen. It is also worth adding that the use of clomid increases the risk of blood clots. But to minimize this effect during the post-course therapy with the use of antiestrogen, it is necessary to increase the volume of consumption of purified water – by at least one liter per day.

How long it will take to recover is calculated individually, depending on the severity of the course. As the reviews indicate, clomid is a fairly effective antiestrogen. Representatives of sports disciplines speak about it mostly positively, negative reviews describing the side effects of clomiphene citrate can be found quite rarely. Many athletes note that with its help it is possible to recover perfectly in a short period of time after a course of anabolic and androgenic steroids, and to minimize losses after AAS.

Bodybuilding and childbearing functions

Bodybuilding and childbearing functions: Let’s try to understand this poorly lit topic. First of all, if you are engaged in bodybuilding as an amateur and without the use of hormones, then you can only talk about the positive aspects associated with the conception of children. Because all you can get from training in the gym is only health and sexuality.

A man is “responsible” for the sex of the unborn child. Fertilizes the egg with a sperm cell with chromosome XX, it will be a girl, and if with chromosome XY, it will be a boy. Observations have shown that boys ‘spermatozoa are “faster” than girls’ spermatozoa, but they die faster (XY-spermatozoa live for several hours, and XX-for several days). Therefore, if the sexual act occurred at the moment when the egg is fully mature (alkaline environment), then there is a greater chance that a nimble boy will “run” to it faster. And if sexual intercourse occurred before the egg is fully mature (acidic environment), then it is more likely that it will be fertilized by the XX-sperm-long-lived.

It is statistically known that the frequency of male births is higher at the first birth and decreases at subsequent births. The younger the future parents, the more likely they are to conceive a boy, and vice versa. In the offspring of bald men, there are one and a half times more boys.
In addition, it is known that children of the weather are more often of the same sex, and if the interval between births is about three years, then in most cases children of the opposite sex are born. If pregnancy occurs shortly after an abortion, girls are more likely to be born.

Bodybuilding and childbearing functions: Steroids and Children

It is not entirely clear how clomid will act on a woman in the case of bodybuilding, do Bodybuilding and childbearing functions affect her? There are many opinions on this topic.

In principle, testosterone itself is a very natural thing for the male body. And they are afraid of some pathologies, I would not. I have a lot of friends who conceived children on the course and everything was always good. For example, the risk of getting unhealthy offspring is much greater if you sometimes drink beer or any other alcoholic beverage because it is possible to damage your germ cells. And if a man has a complete replacement of the sex cells every three months, then women do not have this in principle, and drinking wine, champagne, and even more vodka is a game of”Russian roulette”. Any gram can be fatal for the cell that will be used during pregnancy and then a freak will be born.

Bodybuilding and childbearing functions

However, it is important to know that anabolic steroids are inherently male contraceptives. In fact, it is to prevent unwanted pregnancy that they are often prescribed in many European countries. Experiments show that after a couple of months of using artificial sex hormones (AS), sperm activity drops to zero. You can have sex as before without the risk of an unwanted pregnancy of your girlfriend. That’s all good. But there is one caveat. I was asked recently: why do chemical athletes have a problem with conceiving a boy (girls are most often born). The answer is quite obvious – during the course ( in the first few months until complete sterilization has occurred) and for some time after the course (until spermatogenesis has not recovered at the proper level), the athlete has a low level and motility of sperm. You remember that the boy’s sperm are more nimble and live less. And girls, on the contrary, are slower and live longer. In conditions when spermatozoa are sedentary and there are few of them, it is the more tenacious and slower female spermatozoa that get the advantage. All this leads to a higher probability of conceiving a girl and not a boy. How to increase the probability of having a boy?

There are several ways to increase the probability of conceiving a boy. All of them are associated with facilitating the fertilization of a female egg. After all, the faster your sperm reach the uterus, the more likely it is that a boy will be born, not a girl.

First, your girl must accurately calculate the time of maturation of her egg, in order to conceive a boy on this day. Here it is important not to make a mistake with the day. How do I do this? It is necessary that the girl for three cycles every day measured the temperature (preferably rectally). The peak temperature falls on ovulation, so if conception occurred on a day – to-day basis, it will be a boy, and if it takes 5-3 days, it will be a girl.

Secondly, it is desirable to do more of what men often do not particularly like to do. I mean the foreplay. For what? For a female orgasm. Have you ever wondered why and why a woman experiences an orgasm? I explain, these most convulsive contractions of female pisi are nothing more than a way to quickly deliver your sperm to the uterus. That is why cheating wives often get pregnant from lovers ( with whom there is an orgasm), and not from husbands (with whom they pretend)

Third, this is dogistyle. Who did not understand gru in Russian: put her cancer! This is also one of the mechanical ways to get your sperm into the uterus easier and faster.

Fourth, do not use lubricants, all sorts of grease and even the saliva at the time of conception of the child. All this interferes with and slows down the work of your sperm.

Fifthly, you can list many other things. Do not smoke – the smoker’s sperm is less mobile, and the cigarettes themselves negatively affect the erection. Don’t use drugs for the same reasons. . In addition, cocaine and opiates cause impotence, and amphetamines reduce sexual desire. Do not use the sauna. If you are more than half an hour in the water, the temperature of which is above 40° C, the number of healthy and mobile spermatozoa decreases. From the sauna, the effect is the same. Do not wear tight underwear made of synthetic fabrics. Because the temperature of the scrotum should be a degree less than the rest of the body.