Risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy

Unfortunately, miscarriage is a fairly common occurrence among pregnant women. Despite all the achievements of modern medicine, the threat of interruption is still quite a formidable diagnosis for a future mother.

It is almost impossible to independently determine the threat of miscarriage in the first weeks of pregnancy. All signs of this formidable condition are no different from a normally developing pregnancy.

Minor discomfort in the lower abdomen, as well as a feeling of tension, are characteristic phenomena for pregnancy. Another sign should alert – aching pain in the lower abdomen, more reminiscent of menstrual pain, which radiates to the back and lower back.

Perceptible discomfort does not go away without taking medications, resuming with each change in position, and sometimes at rest. Often, there are discharges of varying intensity from the genitals. They can be from light to dark red. In this case, of course, an urgent appeal to a specialist is necessary.


Doctors calm expectant mothers, up to about 20 weeks of pregnancy, even with normal development, pain in the groin and side can be a little disturbing. They can occur with intensive walking and a sharp change in body position, but they pass very quickly.

Doctors associate this discomfort with a significantly increased load on the ligamentous apparatus of the growing uterus. This condition does not require special treatment, most often the doctor will recommend only limiting physical activity. But this does not mean that you should not go to the hospital with these problems.

And for those who have not yet been able to get pregnant, we recommend reading our articles on the topic of ovulation stimulation. Buy Clomid after the appointment of this drug to you by a doctor, you can also do it through our link. We wish you health and a strong family!

Phases of menstruation and the effect of hormones on them

After the first menstruation, a cycle is established in the female body, which on average lasts about 28 days.

The cycle of ovulation and menstruation is part of the life of any woman of reproductive age. Normally, it can last from 21 to 35 days, and all the processes that occur during this period in a woman’s body are conditionally divided into several phases.

Menstrual phase. Period lasting from 3 to 6 days – bleeding from the uterus. At this time, rejection of the mucous membrane (endometrium) occurs. When pregnancy occurs, a fertilized egg is attached to the endometrium.

Follicular phase. It starts at the same time as menstruation, but lasts a little longer – on average, 14 days. At this time, the follicle matures in the ovaries, in which, in turn, a new egg will mature. The restoration of the endometrium in the uterus also begins.

Ovulatory phase. This period lasts about three days and during this time the follicle ruptures – an egg ready for fertilization comes out of it. This process is called ovulation and can cause mild pain in the lower abdomen.

Luteal phase. Duration – from 11 to 16 days. At this time, there is an active production of hormones (estrogen and progesterone), which prepare the body for pregnancy. During this phase, there is often a phenomenon such as PMS – premenstrual syndrome.

PMS is a complex of symptoms that are associated with changes in the hormonal background of a woman. For example, they include: swelling of the mammary glands, pain in the lower abdomen, mood changes and increased appetite.

Hormones and menstruation

The main hormones during menstruation can be called follicle-stimulating and luteinizing. Both of them provide the production of progesterone and estrogen. These active substances play an extremely important role in a woman’s body, so if you have menstrual irregularities or suspected pathology of the reproductive system, you should take an analysis for hormones. It allows you to identify uterine fibroids, polycystic ovaries and even infertility.


For any difficulties with conception, as a rule, the gynecologist refers the patient to the study of hormones. For diagnosis, it is necessary to know their “healthy” concentration at different segments of the cycle – based on these data and test results, the doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe a specific therapy.

Hormones during the menstrual phase.

Analyzes are given on the 3-5th day from the onset of menstrual bleeding

  • Follicle-stimulating FSH;
  • luteinizing hormone LH;
  • free testosterone;
  • estradiol;
  • dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate;
  • prolactin;
  • androstenedione;
  • sex hormone binding protein;
  • thyroid hormones;

Hormones in the luteal phase.

Analyzes are given on the 20-22nd day of the menstrual cycle.

You also need to do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs on the 5-7th day of the menstrual cycle.

Folliculometry 3-4 times during 1 menstrual cycle.