There is still more scientific data on the impact of dangerous microflora on the ability to reproduce offspring relative to men. Cases of testicular inflammation of viral genesis have been recorded. Also, SARS-CoV-2 was detected in male seminal fluid. The ACE 2 protein, which promotes the penetration of the virus to the human cell, is found in large quantities in the testes.
Among women, the age category from 37 years old is the most negatively affected by microorganisms. Factors contributing to damage to the reproductive organs are the severity of the disease and excess body weight. Overweight patients after a severe form of Covid have a 5-fold increased risk of a decrease in the supply of eggs, compared with young girls who have been ill easily or asymptomatically.
Read also: Coronavirus and pregnancy.
The growth of gynecological diseases during the pandemic has not yet been observed. Their structure remains stable. In the leading positions — inflammation of the pelvic organs (per 100,000 – 3,000 cases). Menstrual cycle failures are in second place (per 100,000 – 1300). There are 225 women with infertility per 100 thousand. These are approximate figures, since many girls take birth control pills, others do not live a sexual life, and others are not going to become mothers in the near future. These categories (in the majority) do not know the state of their own fertility. For sure, many of them have a violation of reproductive function.
IVF and coronavirus
During the pandemic period, infertile patients were much less likely to seek medical help due to sanitary and epidemiological restrictions and self-isolation. In 2020, outpatient services were not fully available. From February 2020 to July, assisted reproductive programs were suspended. According to statistics, about 50 thousand infertile couples did not use ART during this six-month period. At the moment there are no restrictions, the procedures are carried out as planned and the indicators have leveled off.
Vaccination during pregnancy
In the USA, 14 thousand women were vaccinated during gestation. Information on 827 vaccinated pregnant women has been published. The following conclusions are made: the complications are the same and occur with the same frequency as in the unvaccinated. The number of spontaneous abortions, premature births, fetal development disorders and other complications are not increased, and do not differ with the general population frequency of pathological changes.