With age, a woman’s reproductive function declines. This process is accompanied by an increase in the number of anovulatory cycles. Despite this, a woman is still able to get pregnant, as menopause occurs gradually.
Features of ovulation after 40 years:
Age is one of the main factors affecting a woman’s ability to conceive. The supply of oocytes in the body is limited. It lays at the stage of embryonic development. Some of the eggs die in adolescence. The remaining oocytes are consumed with each menstrual cycle. Therefore, by the age of 40, there are very few eggs left. The work of the reproductive organs during this period changes dramatically. This affects the overall well-being of a woman.
Ovulation after 40 years is much less common than at a younger age. This is due to a physiological decrease in the level of estrogens in the body. The hormone is responsible for the maturation of eggs and increasing the thickness of the endometrium. In addition, it is responsible for preserving youth. When the production of estrogens is disrupted, there is a change in the duration of the menstrual cycle. In some women, it completely disappears. Lack of estrogen in the body is accompanied by the following signs:
- Deterioration of skin elasticity;
- Frequent mood swings;
- Depression libido;
- Changes in the nature of selections.
Life expectancy of an egg after ovulation in a woman’s body after 40 years
Doctors say that ovulation after 40 years rarely leads to a successful pregnancy
This is due to a reduction in the life span of the egg after it leaves the follicular walls. Until the age of 40, it lives an average of 24-48 hours. This figure decreases markedly with age. Pregnancy in this case becomes possible if the man’s spermatozoa are active enough. In other cases, you may need the help of specialists.
Symptoms of ovulation in women 40 years old:
In General, ovulation after 40 years has no special distinctive features. It runs the same way as before. Some women do not notice any characteristic symptoms of the fertile period. It may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Increased sexual desire;
- Heaviness in one of the ovaries;
- Increasing the volume of vaginal secretions and changing their consistency;
- The increased sensitivity of the mammary glands;
- Increased sense of smell and taste.
Painful sensations in the area of appendages begin 2-3 days before the rupture of the follicle.
Every day they become more intense. The discharge becomes slimy and transparent. Just before ovulation, the cervical mucus is thinned. Libido increases markedly. Mood swings may also occur.
When fertility increases, the position of the uterus changes. It rises high in the vagina and becomes softer. The throat opens slightly. This is necessary for unhindered penetration of seminal fluid into the genital tract. At the same time, the basal temperature index decreases. It can be detected early in the morning, after waking up. Measurements are carried out with a mercury thermometer in the rectal opening.
Ovulation after 40 years and not only is easy to determine by ultrasound. It is recommended to perform monitoring starting from the 12th day of the cycle. The following signs indicate an early rupture of the follicle with a Mature egg:
- Presence of a dominant follicle larger than 18 mm in one of the ovaries;
- The thickness of the endometrium exceeds 10 mm;
- The throat of the cervix opens.
An ovulation test helps you get more information. It responds to an increase in the hormone LH in the body. But the result should be interpreted in conjunction with other signs of ovulation. LH can increase not only during the fertile period, but also in the presence of gynecological diseases.
After the expected ovulation, the woman should visit the ultrasound again. The fact that the follicle has successfully ruptured is indicated by its disappearance and the presence of fluid behind the uterine cavity. In place of the follicle, a yellow body appears, which is characterized by uneven outlines. The absence of characteristic signs of the ovulatory period indicates luteinization of the follicle. This problem requires adjustment of the hormonal background with medication.
How often do women ovulate after 40?
The frequency of ovulation in women 40 years old depends on a combination of factors. These include hereditary predisposition, hormonal background, lifestyle of a woman and concomitant diseases. Some women at this age do not experience significant changes. In others, the frequency of ovulatory cycles may be only 3-4 times a year. To determine the degree of readiness of the egg for fertilization, you should visit an ultrasound examination.
Reasons for the periodic absence of ovulation after 40 years
Ovulation after 40 years may be absent for a long time. This is due to changes in the hormonal background. But in some cases, anovulation is provoked by gynecological diseases or an incorrect lifestyle. Ovarian dysfunction can be caused by excessive alcohol consumption and Smoking. Other possible reasons for the lack of ovulation include:
- Inflammatory process in the small pelvis;
- Sexual infection;
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
If anovulation is triggered by external factors, there is a possibility of artificial stimulation of ovarian function. For this purpose, hormone-based medications are taken.
In any case, you can use clomid to stimulate ovulation.you can find the price list for this drug on our website.
Complete absence of ovulation after 40 years indicates early menopause. Its cause is a genetic disposition. In this case, the probability of conception is reduced. Menopause is characterized by the complete disappearance of menstruation. With the help of specialized drugs, a woman can smooth out the manifestation of the menopausal period. They are prescribed by the attending physician, based on the state of health of the woman.